The Original Terms of the Will
Under The Railway Fund’s original terms of reference, the Trust funded the construction of most of the great bridges of Southern Africa – over the Limpopo at Beitbridge, on the border of Zimbabwe and South Africa; over the Save in Zimbabwe; over the Kafue in Zambia; over the Luangwa on the Great East Road from Zambia to Malawi; and the Otto Beit Bridge (above), opened in 1939, which spans the Zambezi River between Zambia and Zimbabwe at Chirundu. Over four hundred smaller or low-level bridges were also built, which still provide much needed communication in rural areas.
The Sir Otto Beit Bridge was completed in 1939 and is still in use. The story of its engineering and construction is related here in this video.
Railways were not the only form of communication. In 1932, a large grant was made to help establish civil aviation by paying for the survey of routes, landing grounds, emergency strips and certain airport buildings. The photograph below shows an aircraft refuelling at Salisbury (Harare).
The Trust's Objectives
Alfred Beit laid down the Trust’s objectives in his Will. These were re-emphasised in The Beit Trust Act 1954. The Trust’s benevolent mandate is exclusively for Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi. It does not fundraise. The 1906 Beit bequest, and its prudential management for over 100 years, remains the Trust’s sole funding source.
In 1946, the Trustees changed the focus from communications infrastructure to assistance in education (including now postgraduate scholarships, teacher training, books and computers, as well as school buildings); health (including regional electives for junior doctors, medical electives from the UK, hospitals, clinics and medical equipment); welfare (including care homes for the elderly); and the environment (notably conservation of endangered species).
The Trust takes care, in changing times, to ensure its priorities and ways of working remain fully effective in achieving its objectives. It does this for Trust-funded projects through regular spot-checks by Trustees, the Secretary, the Harare-based Representative and the Trust’s resident Correspondents; and through consultations with a wide range of other well-informed interlocutors.
Project grants seldom exceed £50,000. The Trustees occasionally provide funds for crisis relief, but seldom make grants to other UK grant-making charities.
The Beit Trust Centenary Book
In 1957, to celebrate its first 50 years, the Trust published a book called “The Will and the Way.” To celebrate their 100th anniversary, Trustees commissioned a new book, called: “For the Benefit of the People“. It traces the history of The Beit Trust from its inception, and outlines its work in present-day Africa. Copies are available from the Beit offices in Woking (firstname.lastname@example.org) or from the Harare office (email@example.com)